A cystocele (also known as an anterior prolapse) is a hernia of the front vaginal wall resulting in the bladder bulging into the vaginal passage. Pelvic organ prolapse is often measured in stages ranging from stage 1 which is a minor prolapse, to stage 4 which is complete prolapse. If you are suffering from one type of pelvic organ prolapse, the pull on your organs and connective tissues can also cause other prolapses to occur. It is very important to begin pelvic floor muscle training as soon as possible to regain the strength in your pelvic floor and lessen the symptoms of your cystocele.
Because a cystocele causes the bladder to slip down into the vagina, the urethra is often impacted. This can prevent you from starting the flow of urine when you feel the need to pee. Sometimes women with cystocele have to splint by lifting the bladder from inside the vagina in order to pee. There can also be difficulty with emptying the bladder fully which can lead to urinary tract infections (UTI). Cystocele symptoms can also have negative impact on sexual function.
You can see the change in cystocele grading between stage 0 and 1, stage 1 and 2 and stage 2 and 3 but dragging on the purple sliders on the images below.
Note: Surgery is often required when cystocele has reached stages 3 or 4.